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An Overlooked Gem of Roman Architecture: The Foro Italico

The Foro Italico, north of the city centre, is one of the few parts of Rome to survive intact pretty much the way Mussolini planned it. Known originally as the Foro Mussolini, it was built from 1928-38, designed by Enrico Del Dubbio and later Luigi Moretti, who created one of Italy’s most important examples of Fascist architecture in order to stage to 1940 Olympics in Rome - though of course, that didn’t happen.

Shot of the Olympic track and field stadium - photo courtesy of Myra Robinson

To reach The Foro Italico, you may hop on the Metro line A as far as Flaminio, then take a taxi following the Tiber until you reach the Ponte Duca D’Aosta. This bridge acts as the grand entrance to the Foro, with its wide 4 lane road supported at each corner by white marble blocks on which are carved reliefs of soldiers in various heroic acts, with horses, machine guns, carrying the wounded, etc, but every one of them spookily has the face of Mussolini himself.

At the end of the bridge is a slender white marble obelisk 17.5m high with the words Mussolini Dux inscribed vertically in beautiful 30s calligraphy. Beyond that, there is the Stadio Olimpico which hosted the Rome 1960 Olympic Games, and is now the venue for international rugby and the home ground for Lazio and Roma football clubs.

White marble blocks on which are carved reliefs of soldiers in various heroic acts - photo courtesy of Myra Robinson

It is the smaller Stadio dei Marmi that really has the wow factor, though. You can almost imagine yourself in ancient Rome – or even Greece – entering an oval green space surrounded by 60 gleaming white statues of athletic naked young men each 10 feet high. These sculptures were donated by all the provinces of Italy: the javelin thrower from Puglia, for instance, and the ‘ball and bracelet’ (a renaissance game) from Forlì-Cesena. They were all made by different sculptors, but the effect is a harmonious whole, and amazingly, there is no damage or graffiti which sadly these days you come to expect in parts of Italy.

The space is still used. You can see school parties running around the track whilst people in search of the body beautiful are stretching, jumping and performing various contortions on the marble steps beneath the sculptures.

The Fountain of the Sphere in the Foro Italico - photo courtesy of Myra Robinson

A little warning: on a sunny day all this white is dazzling against a blue sky, but we understand it’s lethally slippery in wet weather.

The space behind the obelisk leading to the Stadio Olimpico is entirely paved with black and white mosaics of life-size sporting activities. It seems strange in Rome, with all its ancient colourful mosaics, to come across designs which include men in plus fours playing golf! The figures are reminiscent of the paintings of Campigli, neo-classical in style. In the centre is a large marble sphere, a fountain also dedicated to Mussolini, but usually turned off!

Statues of athletes in the Stadio dei Marmi, Foro Italico - photo courtesy of Myra Robinson

On either side of the sports facilities are buildings occupied by Rome University and the Italian Olympic Committee which together make the whole sporting complex known as the Foro Italico.

Artists have given the area the thumbs down because of its fascist origins, but the cancel culture doesn’t seem to have reached Italy. Not only is the area historic and impressive: it’s also beautiful, and surely that’s what art and architecture are for.


Courtesy: Italymagazine

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